Advanced Energy Materials

Advanced Energy Materials

Ashutosh Tiwari, Docent, Sergiy Valyukh,Docent,

Hardcover: 616 pages   Publisher: WILEY-Scrivener,USA

Language: English         ISBN: 978-1-118-68629-4

From the Editor

Energy plays a critical role in the development progress of an emerging society. High standard of living and the increase of the population of the world require more and more amount of energy. At the same time, the standard energy sources based on fossil fuels are limited and cause pollution of the environment that leads to the climate change in global terms. In order to avoid an energy crisis, research efforts of many scientific centres around the globe are directed towards searching new solutions and improvement of the existed ones in the energy sector. In parallel with the growth rate of renewable energy, essential attention is paid to development of advanced methods and materials serving for effective utilization of energy. Technological advantages will help to get over the difficulties related to energy. Among the main criteria for viability of new energetic techniques are efficiency, costs, usability and influence on environment.

This book summarise the current status of know-how in the fields of advanced materials for energy associated applications, in particular, photovoltaics, efficient light sources, fuel cells, energy saving technologies, nanostructured materials, etc. Tendencies for future development are discussed. A good understanding on the excited state reactivity of photoactive materials would help to prepare new materials and molecules capable of absorbing light over a given wavelength range and using it for driving electron transfer. Scientifically and technologically well-equipped materials science has explored the possibilities of developing and optimizing the charge separation in the light-harvesting architectures, however it is yet to bear fruit due to the difficulty of transportation of electrons and holes to the corresponding electrodes. Modeling charge mobility in semiconductors is complicated due to the presence of bulk heterogeneity in the structure. The understanding of the interface between the metal electrode and the active materials, where charge collection takes place, is even more intriguing.

The design and fabrication of the molecular based information processing devices on conducting substrates has been the key area of research in material sciences. One particularly attractive application in this area is the conversion of solar energy into fuel, which is currently being proposed as a cheaper alternative for energy conversion. The chapters deal with energy storage technologies. High energy density capacitors are of particular significance, for example in defence related applications, where tasks in remote areas without traditional energy resources demand novel approaches to energy storage. Polymer nanocomposites offer attractive, low-cost potential storage systems for high energy density capacitors. Their tailored characteristics offer unique combinations of properties and they are expected to play a vital role in the development of new technologies for energy storage applications.

Aspects of solar energy are considered in chapters. Rapid progress in photovoltaic science and technology during the last decades is a reason of that the solar cells came out of the laboratories and are becoming a part of our everyday life. And this is only beginning of era of solar energy. The number of reports about new approaches in this field is increasing dramatically. Among them are nanostructure compositions, transparent conductors, including metal oxide as well as metal-based thin films, and light trapping schemes that enable increasing the conversation efficiency, various concentrators and solar tracking systems, etc. Chapters 2-10 are devoted to consideration of innovating materials and techniques for future nanoscale electronics. Two allotropic forms of carbon, carbon nanotubes and grapheme, are able to replace conducting channels and silicon in elements of integrated circuits and thereby open new era of carbon-based electronics. This will lead to denser, faster and more power-efficient circuitry. An attractive alternative to the semiconductor components in digital processing devices can be chips based on molecular logic gates – molecules possessing the property to perform logical operations where a chemical or physical binary input to the molecules causes a binary output. Surface-confined materials showing switching behavior along with changes in physical properties such as optical, orientation, magnetism make possible to create integrated complex circuits for massive networking systems. Significant attention is paid to development of fuel cells – devices that convert the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Because of no combustion in the energy conversation process, fuel cells are efficient and environmentally friendly. The fuel cell market is also growing at high pace and according to Pike Research, the stationary fuel cell market is predicted to reach 50 GW by 2020. A chapter describe problems related to energy efficient lighting. In particular, it is considered vanadate phosphors – luminescent materials that have excellent thermal and chemical stability. Phosphor layers provide most of the light produced by fluorescent lamps, and are also used to improve the balance of light produced by metal halide lamps.

The role of materials engineering to provide the much needed support in the development of photovoltaic devices with the new and fundamental researches on novel energy materials with tailor-made photonic properties discus in this book. The book is written for a large readership including university students and researchers from diverse backgrounds such as chemistry, materials science, physics, pharmacy, medical science and engineering. It can be used not only as a textbook for both undergraduate and graduate students, but also as a review and reference book for researchers in the materials science, nanotechnology, photovoltaic device technology and non-conventional energy. We hope that chapters of this book will give a valuable vision in the state-of-the-art of advanced and functional materials and cutting-edge energy technologies to the readers. The main credit for this book must go to the authors of the chapters who have summarized information in the field advanced energy related materials.

Description of Book-

Chapter 1

Non-imaging Focusing Heliostat

Kok-Keong Chong, Malaysia

Chapter 2

State-of-the-art of nanostructures in solar energy research

Sagadevan Suresh, India

Chapter 3

Metal oxide semiconductors and their nanocomposites applications towards photovoltaic and photocatalytic

Hyung Shik Shin, Korea

Chapter 4

Superionic solids in energy device applications

Angesh Chandra, India

Chapter 5

Polymer nanocomposites: New advanced dielectric materials for energy storage applications

Michael R. Kessler, USA

Chapter 6

Solid electrolytes: Principles and applications

W. Anwane, India

Chapter 7

Advanced electronics: Looking beyond silicon

Surender Duhan, India

Chapter 8

Ab-initio determination of pressure dependent electronic and optical properties of lead sulfide for energy applications

Sharma, India

Chapter 9

Radiation damage in GaN-based materials and devices

S.J. Pearton, USA

Chapter 10

Anti-ferroelectric liquid crystals: Smart materials for future displays

Ravindra Dhar, India

Chapter 11

Popyetheretherketone (PEEK) membrane for fuel call applications

Tungabidya Maharana, India

Chapter 12

Vanadate phosphors for energy efficient lighting

N. Shinde, India

Chapter 13

Molecular computation on functionalized solid substrates

Tarkeshwar Gupta, India

Chapter 14

Ionic liquid stabilized metal NPs & their role as potent catalyst

Prashant Singh, India

Chapter 15

There’s plenty of room in the field of zeolite-Y enslaved nanohybrid materials as eco-friendly catalysts: Selected catalytic reactions

K. Modi, India

About the author

VBRI Group is an innovative and ambitious organization started by Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari (Chairman and managing director).
VBRI group majorly deals with research, technology and innovation. The technology developed and adopted here is for the betterment of rural area and deals with the issues related to agriculture, health and education. It’s a group of companies, comprises VBRI Foundation, VBRI Education, VBRI Events, VBRI Press and VBRI Technology.

The group-business has witnessed expansion in various domain by providing appropriate solution and consultancy through world class platform.

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