Categories Ceramic MaterialsMaterial ScienceNanomaterials

Responsive materials and methods

Responsive materials and methods

Ashutosh Tiwari and Hisatoshi Kobayashi

Hardcover: 464 pages       Publisher: WILEY-Scrivener,USA

Language: English             ISBN: 978-1-118-68622-5

From the Editors-

The development of tuned materials by environment survivability is the recent arena of materials research. It is a newly emerging supra-disciplinary field with warts commercial potentials. Stimuli-responsive materials answer by a consider-able change in their properties to small changes in their environment. Responsive materials and methods are becoming increasingly more prevalent as scientists learn about the chemistry and triggers that induce conformational changes in materials structures and devise ways to take advantage of and control them. New responsive materials are being chemically formulated that sense specific environmental changes and adjust in a predictable manner, making them useful tools.

The stimuli-responsive materials are widespread demand among researchers, customize them via chemistry which trigger to induce conformational changes in structures or to take advantage in the form of structural or molecular regime via minute external environmental changes, i) physical- temperature, electric or magnetic fields, and mechanical stress; and ii) chemical effectors- pH, ionic factors, chemical agents, biological agents. The thermo responsive polymers represent an important class of “smart” materials as they are capable of responding dramatically to small temperature changes. The chapter on smart thermo responsive biomaterials describes a range of thermo responsive polymers, the criteria that influence their thermo responsive character for surface modifications and applications in particular for cell culture and chromatography. In the chapter, light-triggered azobenzenes: from molecular architecture to functional materials covers the principle of light-triggered materials for example azobenzene-based materials, their photochromic switching and oscillation ability, and potential bio- and artificial muscle-like actuation applications. The chapter entitled, functionalization with interpenetrating smart polymer networks by gamma irradiation for loading and delivery of drugs discusses the γ-irradiation assisted graft copolymerisation containing interpenetrating polymer networks and other architectures, mainly focuses on the performance of materials modified with stimuli-responsive components capability high loading of therapeutic substances and their control release properties The recently investigated applications of smart or intelligent polymeric materials for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, implants, stents, and medical devices are overviewed in biomedical devices based on smart polymers. The Stimuli responsive polymers as adjuvants and carriers for antigen delivery illustrates the promising advantages of responsive materials in immunology as a carrier for an antigen and adjuvant for enhancing immunogenicity of an antigen however, cyclodextrins and advanced materials for pharmaceutical applications highlights the combination of cyclodextrins and pharmaceutical excipients or carriers such as nanoparticles, liposome etc. fosters the progress of the advanced dosage forms with the improved physicochemical and biopharmaceutical properties.

The smart nano-engineering that yields state-of-the-art of wearable systems, the sensor technologies, the developed wearable systems, and highlights the underlying challenges is overviewed in the another chapter on recent advances in smart wearable systems. The high surface functionalities available in such materials provide opportunity to modify its outer surface and achieve multivalent effects. The chapter on functionalization of smart nanomaterials describes the surface  nano-engineering aming to couple advanced features for range of optoelectronic applications.  A thrust towards the development of novel nanoparticles paved the way for sucessful cancer diagnosis and treatment. The chapter on role of smart nanostructured materials in cancers summarizes different types of nanoparticles currently available for cancer therapy. Smart nanomaterials including visible quantum cutting and near-infrared quantum cutting phosphors such as fluoride phosphors, oxide phosphors, phosphate phosphors and silicate phosphors and their potential application for PDPs and Hg-free fluorescent lamps is focused in the quantum cutter and sensitizer based advanced materials for their application in displays, fluorescent lamps and solar cells. The chapter on nanofibers of conducting polymer nanocomposites focuses on the preparative strategies of nanofibers of conducting polymers and nanocomposites and their electrical conductive properties and applications.

The biocompatible smart polymeric architect is ahead significant attention in bio- device and system managements. In chapter stimuli-responsive redox biopolymers,  arabic-co-polyaniline was investigated as a pH-responsive redox copolymers and their properties for the biosensor applications. The development of the metallocene catalysts from their discovery to their present state of the art is portrayed in the commodity thermoplastics with bespoken properties using metallocene catalyst systems with an emphasis on weighs up discrete catalysts for stereo-specific polymerization, technologically important processes.

The study of elastic properties gives information about the magnitude of the forces and nature of bonding between the atoms. The impact of solids on the world of science and technology has been enormous, covering such diverse applications as solar energy, image processing, energy storage, computer and telecommunication technology, thermoelectric energy conversion and new materials for numerous applications. The chapter elastic constants, structural parameters and elastic perspectives of thorium mono-chalcogenides in temperature sensitive region predictes the anharmonic elastic properties of thorium chalcogenides having NaCl- type structure under high temperature using Born-Mayer repulsive potentials and the long- and short- range interaction approach.

This book is written for a large readership including university students and researchers from diverse backgrounds such as chemistry, materials science, physics, pharmacy, medical science, and biomedical engineering. It can be used not only as a textbook for both undergraduate and graduate students, but also as a review and reference book for researchers in the materials science, bioengineering, medical, pharmacy, biotechnology and nanotechnology. We hope that chapters of this book will give a valuable insight in the major area of responsive materials and cutting-edge technologies to the readers.


Description of Book-

Stimuli-responsive polymeric materials

Chapter 1

Smart thermo-responsive biomaterials

Mohammed Yaseen, United Kingdom

Chapter 2

Light-triggered azobenzenes: from molecular architecture to functional materials

Dolores Velasco, Spain

Chapter 3

Functionalization with interpenetrating smart polymer networks by gamma irradiation for loading and delivery of drugs

Franklin Muñoz-Muñoz, Mexico

Chapter 4

Biomedical devices based on smart polymers

Angel Contreras García, Canada

Chapter 5

Stimuli responsive polymers as adjuvants and carriers for antigen delivery

Akhilesh Kumar Shakya, Sweden

Chapter 6

Cyclodextrins and advanced materials for pharmaceutical applications

Vesna D. Nikolic, Serbia

Smart nano-engineered materials

Chapter 7

Advances in smart wearable systems

K. Bajpai, India

Chapter 8

Functionalization of smart nanomaterials

Sharda Sundaram Sanjay, India

Chapter 9

Role of smart nanostructured materials in cancers

Rizwan Wahab, Saudi Arabia

Chapter 10

Quantum cutter and sensitizer based advanced materials for their application in displays, fluorescent lamps and solar cells

Raghvendra Singh Yadav, Czech Republic

Chapter 11

Nanofibers of conducting polymer nanocomposites

Subhash Kondawar, India

Smart biosystems engineering

Chapter 12

Stimuli-responsive redox biopolymers

Ashutosh Tiwari, Sweden

Chapter 13

Commodity thermoplastics with bespoken properties using metallocene catalyst systems

Nikhil Prakash, India

Theory and modelling

Chapter 14

Elastic constants, structural parameters and elastic perspectives of thorium mono-chalcogenides in temperature sensitive region

Krishna Murti Raju, India

Ashutosh Tiwari is Chairman & Managing Director at Institute of Advanced Materials & VBRI Group, Secretary General of the International Association of Advanced Materials and Editor-in-Chief of Advanced Materials Letters. Dr. Tiwari also has several adjuncts and honorary professor titles since 2009. Professor Ashutosh Tiwari has been actively involved in the translational research for building state-of-the-art technological systems to handle key challenges in medical, security, energy supply and environmental issues realized by the integration of artificial intelligence and smart strategies. Currently, Ashutosh works mainly on the technological developments of the range of nanotechnology-enabled new tools, technological breakthroughs, key process, new products designed to transform the energy, IT automation, security, and mass medicine.

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